Washington Watch: ‘Substantial amount of work yet to be done’: Major report calls on SEC, banks and insurers for robust climate-risk disclosure

The gatekeepers of financial markets should embrace smarter climate-change technology, uniform and accessible risk data, and consider a call for taxes or emissions-cutting incentives, all as part of a broad portfolio of actions to better measure and protect against climate change, a major oversight group said in its first report of this kind out Thursday.

Ignoring a multistep approach on climate change is ignoring this “emerging threat to the financial stability of the United States,” the Financial Stability Oversight Council (FSOC) said in its report, which summed up known risks and progress to date, movement that had accelerated in just the past year. The council then recommended next steps.

“While progress has been made, there is a substantial amount of work yet to be done,” the report said.

Increased climate-change data, not less, will improve financial market performance and cut down on mispriced assets due to impending or already realized risks for more frequent storms, droughts, or rising seas, and will better expose, for instance, the likelihood of supply-chain disruptions or the initial expense and long-term savings from a company’s switch to renewable energy. Such data, more uniformly anticipated and reported, will allow for healthier markets
the council said.

The emphasis of the report and the group’s work is to drive better information into the market, improve market efficiency and enhance market discipline, a senior official who worked on the report said.

Agencies have “muscle memory” on using financial data, but the group is pushing building up “muscle memory” on climate data, the official said. Private-sector reporting on such risks is getting the job done, the official said but suggested there is a “public utility” aspect to access for sharable data and that government has a role in pushing such availability.

FSOC was formed under the Dodd-Frank Wall Street reform act in the wake of the financial crisis a decade-plus ago. It has since boosted its attention on climate change, especially after a call for a whole-of-government approach towards efforts to slow global warming by the Biden administration. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen chairs the group.

“Failure to mitigate the financial system’s vulnerability to and exacerbation of climate change could lead to an economic catastrophe of the same magnitude as the 2008 financial crisis,” said Andres Vinelli, vice president for Economic Policy at the left-leaning Center American Progress. “The FSOC report is a crucial first step toward implementing a robust climate financial regulatory agenda.”

At minimum, a closer alliance presented in the report for diagnosing and reporting climate-change risk for financial markets may help President Biden’s standing at the pivotal U.N. climate-change talks (COP26) that kick off in Glasgow in a little more than a week.

Biden’s attempt to push the U.S. toward cleaner energy and a 50% cut in emissions by the end of the decade using legislation has hit a bump in congressional negotiations, leaving him potentially in a defensive position as he huddles with other global powers who will want the U.S., the largest polluter behind China, to boost its commitment to action.

Senior policy leadership who worked on the FSOC report emphasized the importance of the breadth of its 15 member agencies, from the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Federal Reserve to insurance, housing and banking supervisors. A senior official said the permanence of the committee and a focus on accountability allows for tracking and forming policy around climate-change risks that will be more lasting than efforts by a simple working group.

The SEC has collected public comments and is mulling rulemaking on climate-change risk disclosures for investors by the publicly traded companies under its watch. For example, many CEOs accept that SEC disclosure rules are likely coming, but want to report climate risk separate of their traditional earnings report, they’ve said. Others push for different reporting standards depending on company size. A senior official who worked on the FSOC report said SEC action could potentially facilitate disclosure action across agencies.

The council said it supports SEC efforts toward requiring more disclosure from funds and others that make claims their investments align with environmental, social and governance (ESG) themes that have spiked in popularity.

Barron’s: Interest in ESG Is Surging, but Questions About Measuring Success Cloud the Market

A major scientific report released by the U.N. in August argued that countries must immediately shift away from burning fossil fuels or risk an ever-hotter future that packs intense heat waves, water shortages, damaging storms, rising seas and biodiversity loss that could bring more frequent pandemics.

Study: World needs to cut fossil fuel production in half to meet climate change goals

Scientists have long said that the average global temperature must not increase beyond 2 degrees Celsius, and ideally, no more than 1.5 degrees Celsius, above preindustrial levels. But as countries continue to pump carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, the average global temperature has already risen by about 1.1 degrees Celsius.

This post was originally published on Market Watch

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